• About Tirumala- Tirumala

    • Tirumala Venkateswara Temple is a Hindu temple in the hill town of Tirumala, near Tirupati in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, South India. It is around 150 km (93 mi) from chennai, 500 km (310 mi) from Hyderabad, and 250 km (160 mi) from Bangalore.
    • The Tirumala Hill is 853m above sea level and is about 10.33 square miles (27 km2) in area. It comprises seven peaks, representing the seven heads of Adisesha, thus earning the name Seshachalam. The seven peaks are called Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri, and Venkatadri. The temple is on Venkatadri (also known as Venkatachala or Venkata Hill), the seventh peak, and is also known as the "Temple of Seven Hills" . The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Venkateswara, a form of the Hindu god Vishnu.
    • Venkateswara is known by other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa.[1] The temple lies on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini, a holy water tank. The temple complex comprises a traditional temple building, with a number of modern queue and pilgrim lodging sites.
    • The temple is the richest pilgrimage center, after the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, of any faith (at more than 50,000 crore) and the most-visited place of worship in the world. The temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily (30 to 40 million people annually on average), while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it the most-visited holy pla
    • There are several legends associated with the manifestation of the Lord in Tirumala. According to one legend, the temple has a murti (deity) of Lord Venkateswara, which it is believed shall remain here for the entire duration of the present Kali Yuga. Tirumala has remained a highly frequented pilgrimage site in Tamilakam throughout most of its history and was a principle temple in the country of Tondai Nadu before the territory was transferred to Andhra Pradesh in the 20th century . Almost all the epigraphs of the temple are in Tamil and interspersed with Grantha characters.
  • History of The Temple- Tirumala

    • Ancient history- Tirumala

      • In the Dvapara Yuga, the hill was known by the name of Sheshachala or Sheshadri. The place was known as Venkatachala for centuries; it is believed that this name was given by Lord Brahma. Ancient Tamil literature works Silappatikaram and Manimekalai refer to this place as Thiruvengadam. "Ven" means "sin" and "Kata" means "destroyed or burnt". Therefore the name means that a person who worships there will get cleansed of all sins.

        A Thondaiman ruler of ancient Tondai Nadu is believed to have first built the temple after visualizing Lord Vishnu in a dream. He built the Gopuram and the Prakhara, and arranged for regular prayers to be conducted in the temple. Later on, the Chola Dynasty (300 BC–1279) vastly improved the temple and gave rich endowments.
    • Medieval history- Tirumala

      The Tamil Pallavas of Kanchipuram (9th century AD), the Cholas of Tanjore (10th century), and Vijayanagara pradhans (14th and 15th centuries) were committed devotees of Lord Venkateswara. It was under the regime of the Vijayanagara emperors that the temple gained most of its current wealth and size, with the donation of diamonds and gold.[10] In 1517 Vijayanagara ruler Sri Krishna Deva Raya, on one of his many visits to the temple, donated gold and jewels, enabling the Vimana (inner shrine) roofing to be gilded. Statues of Sri Krishna Deva Raya and his spouse stand in the premises of the temple. After the decline of Vijayanagara Empire, kings from states such as Mysore and Gadwal worshiped as pilgrims and gave ornaments and valuables to the temple. Maratha general Raghoji I Bhonsle (died 1755) visited the temple and set up a permanent administration for the conduct of worship in the temple.[11] There is an idol of Raja Todar Mal who was the revenue minister of Akbar, greeting pilgrims in the premises of the temple.
    • Modern history- Tirumala

      • In 1843, with the coming of the East India Company, the administration of the Sri Venkateswara Temple and a number of shrines was entrusted to Seva Dossji of the Hathiramji Mutt at Tirumala as Vicaranakarta for nearly a century until the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) was established as a result of the TTD Act in 1932.
      • TTD is operated by a Board of Trustees that has increased in size from five (1951) to fifteen (1987) through the adoption of Acts. The daily operation and management of TTD is the responsibility of an executive officer who is appointed by the government of Andhra Pradesh.
      • The temple attracts approximately 75,000 pilgrims every day The annual budget, estimated at Rs 10 billion in 2008, is funded mostly by donations. TTD runs charitable trusts whose funds are derived from the budget and donations from the devotees.
  • Demographics- Tirumala

    • As of 2001 India census,Tirumala had a population of 17,789. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Tirumala has an average literacy rate of 72.8%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 57.1% and, female literacy is 42.9%. In Tirumala, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
    • Day by day population in Tirumala is getting reduced. To provide more facilities to Piligrims, government has planned to shift all locals to Tirupati and the shifting is under progress.
  • Language and culture- Tirumala

    • Telugu is the official language of the town. The second most-widely spoken language is Tamil. Signboards in the town are multilingual in English, Telugu, Kannada and Tamil Hinduism is the major religion here. Dhoti (Pancha/Veshti) and Saree are traditional attire of people here. Dresses like churidar and pants-shirt have become common in recent decades. Practices of tonsure and using tilaka are very popular among devotees of Lord Venkateswara. Songs and prayers of Lord Venkateswara are generally heard all over the town.
  • Transport- Tirumala

    By walk

    Pilgrims reach Tirumala by climbing barefoot through the path starting from Alipiri, near the police check-post for vehicles.

    Pilgrims cal also reach Tirumala by climbing barefoot through the path starting from Srivari Mettu, near the sreenivasa mangapuram.

    By Road

    Tirumala has direct bus services to Tirupati with a frequency of a bus in every 2 minutes. There is no transportation services from Tirupati to Tirumala between 12am and 3am. It also has direct buses to Chennai, Bengaluru and Vellore. There are also paid taxis for one who prefer comfort while climbing the hill.Private bus operators ply buses to nearby city Tirupati from Chennai, Hyderabad, Vizag and Bangalore.

    By Rail

    Tirumala does not have its own rail station. The nearest station is the Tirupati station which is about 26 km from Tirumala.Tirupati has a major railway station which is well equipped and has ten platforms but only five are used and presently undergoing modernization, including three escalators. Renigunta junction which lies on the busy Chennai and Mumbai rail route, is just 10 minutes drive from Tirupati town. There are many trains travelling across the country with Tirupati as the starting point. Tirupati is well connected to major cities across India, esp. Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad. The Andhra Pradesh Sampark Kranti Express is the only train from Tirupati that connects to Bhopal, Gwalior and New Delhi. It is connected by Chennai sub-urban railways in North-western line.However, the town lacks direct connectivity with important and religious places such as Indore, Ujjain, Jabalpur, Jaipur and Dehradun.

    By Air

    The nearest airport is the Tirupati Airport, about 40 km from the hill top. Tirupati Airport is a domestic airport that has direct flights to Hyderabad, Vizag, Chennai, New Delhi and Bangalore. The airport is located 15 km from the city centre. Closest international airport is located in Chennai which is 130 km from Tirupati. The Tirupati airport is being upgraded to an International Airport and the upgrade process is underway.

The above information has been sourced from TTD.